Luiz. F. Cótica, Soutik Betal, C. T. Morrow, Shashank. Priya, Ruyan Guo & Amar S. Bhalla

Integrated Ferroelectrics – Volume: 174, Páginas:203-209 , Issue: 1, Doi:10.1080/10584587.2016.1196555

Layered composite electro-ceramics can be designed to exhibit the magnetoelectric (ME) effect based on stress transfer from magnetostriction of ferromagnetic layer to the ferroelectric layer. Many studies in search of giant ME coefficients in layered composites have been made but there are less studies regarding the ME effect in these ceramic materials as a function of temperature, mainly at low temperatures. With the influential increase in magnetoelectric sensing devices use in extreme, minute or precise field monitoring, a broadband temperature dependent analysis on ME effect of these sensors is much required. In this work the effect of temperature on ME effect in a NiFe2O4/Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3/NiFe2O4 layered composite are studied and any major/minute change have been analyzed. Dynamic ME measurements shows a maximum linear ME coefficient (αME = 238 mV/cm.Oe) by applying an AC magnetic field in a frequency of 600 Hz at room. Highly reduced αME values are observed at low temperatures. Magnetocapacitance effect studies showed a strong magnetoelectric coupling at room temperature and, also, a dramatic reduction in the magnetoelectric coupling at 200 K and 100 K. Analyzing the phenomena mathematically shows that there is a secondary effect interaction which influences the ME effect intensity depending on temperature.