Patrick S. Simonário, Fernando C. Messias Freire, Luiz R. Evangelista, Rodolfo Teixeira Souza

Physics Letters A – Volume: 378; Issue: 4; Pages: 453–458; DOI:10.1016/j.physleta.2013.12.020

The bulk and the surface-like elastic constants of a nematic liquid crystal are calculated for an ensemble of particles interacting via anisotropic dispersion forces using the pseudo-molecular method. The geometrical anisotropy of the molecules is also taken into account in the calculations by choosing a molecular volume of ellipsoidal shape. Analytical expressions for the elastic constants are obtained as a function of the eccentricity in the molecular volume shape. The method allows one to explore the dependence on the molecular orientation with respect to the intermolecular vector by analyzing the magnitude and the behaviour of macroscopic elastic parameters defining the nematic phase.