Robson F. Muniz, Jean B. D. de Ligny,  Le Floch Sylvie, C. Martinet, Jurandir H. Rohling, Antonio M. Neto, Marcelo Sandrini, Luis H. C. Andrade, Sandro M. Lima, Mauro L. Baesso, and Michel Luc Y. Guyot.

Journal of Applied Physics – Volume:119, Páginas: , Issue: , Doi: 10.1063/1.4954287

From initial calcium aluminosilicate glass, transparent glass-ceramics have been successfully synthesized under simultaneous high pressure and temperature (SHPT). Possible homogeneous volumetric crystallization of this glassy system, which was not achieved previously by means of conventional heat treatment, has been put in evidence with a SHPT procedure. Structural, mechanical, and optical properties of glass and glass-ceramic obtained were investigated. Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction allowed to identify two main crystalline phases: merwinite [Ca3Mg(SiO4)2] and diopside [CaMgSi2O6]. A Raman scanning profile showed that the formation of merwinite is quite homogeneous over the bulk sample. However, the sample surface also contains significant diopside crystals. Instrumented Berkovich nanoindentation was applied to determine the effect of SHPT on hardness from glass to glass-ceramic. For Eu-doped samples, the broadband emission due to 4f65d1 → 4f7 transition of Eu2+ was studied in both host systems. Additionally, the 5D0 → 7FJ transition of Eu3+ was used as an environment probe in the pristine glass and the glass-ceramic.