Angel A. Tateishi, Flávio S. Michels, Maike A. F. dos Santos, Ervin K. Lenzi e Haroldo V. Ribeiro

JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL MECHANICS-THEORY AND EXPERIMENT – Article Number: E12001; DOI: 10.1088/1742-5468/2013/09/P09017

We investigate the solutions, survival probability, and first passage time for a two-dimensional diffusive process subjected to the geometric constraints of a backbone structure. We consider this process governed by a fractional Fokker–Planck equation by taking into account the boundary conditions ρ(0, y;t) = ρ(∞, y;t) = 0, ρ(x, ±∞;t) = 0, and an arbitrary initial condition. Our results show an anomalous spreading and, consequently, a nonusual behavior for the survival probability and for the first passage time distribution that may be characterized by different regimes. In addition, depending on the choice of the parameters present in the fractional Fokker–Planck equation, the survival probability indicates that part of the system may be trapped in the branches of the backbone structure.