Michele K. Lima, Daniela M. Fernandes, Marcela F. Silva, Mauro L. Baesso, Antonio Medina Neto, Gutierrez R. de Morais, Celso V. Nakamura, Angelo de O. Caleare, Ana A. W. Hechenleitner e Edgardo A. G. Pineda

Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology – Volume: 72; Issue: 2; Pages: 301-309; DOI: 10.1007/s10971-014-3310-z

Pure and Co-doped ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized with different cobalt levels (1–10 mol%) via adapted sol–gel method using water as solvent and characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and photoacoustic absorption spectroscopy. The results showed that all the samples have hexagonal wurtzite structure, with no evidence of any secondary phases until 10 mol% of the dopant. The average crystallite size of the samples was in the range of 25–50 nm, do not showing significant differences with the increase of the dopant level. However, the band gap energy of the nanoparticles decreases from 2.98 eV (pure ZnO) to 1.95 eV (10 mol% of Co). The photocatalytic activity of the samples was evaluated on the removal of methylene blue under visible light irradiation, which revealed an efficiency reduction by Co-doping ZnO. The antibacterial property was carried out indicating activity of the prepared samples against gram-positive bacteria.