Roberto Weider De Assis Franco, Juraci Aparecido Sampaio, Antonio Medina e Ana Paula Madeira Di Beneditto

JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM – Volume: 93; Issue: 7; Pages: 1973-1980; DOI: 10.1017/S0025315413000520

The biocrystallization process and the prescence of manganese in sagitta otoliths is described for the first time via electron paramagnetic spectroscopy. Spectra of Mn2+ are applied to verify inter-species differences in 12 Sciaenidae species and geographic variations among three stocks of banded croaker Paralonchurus brasiliensis and rake stardrum Stellifer rastrifer. Similar spectra shape and zero-field splitting D (22.4 mT) indicated that the biocrystallization process is the same for all fish species, at any stage of development and under different environmental conditions, corresponding to Mn2+ in the aragonite (CaCO3). Inter-species differences in Mn2+ concentration were detected regarding the otolith shape. Elongated otoliths have higher manganese concentrations compared to rounded otoliths. Geographic variations among stocks of P. brasiliensis and S. rastrifer could be detected. Fish stocks under riverine influence have less Mn2+ concentration than ones under marine influence. Manganese detection via electron paramagnetic spectroscopy is a non-destructive approach that can be useful in fish stocks studies.